EstherNg is doing a BIT Thesis in 2008, working on developing and implementing a novel Information Visualisation technique, Co-Supervised by AlexPotanin, JamesNoble, and StuartMarshall. Weekly meeetings are in Stuart's office Thursday, 11am. JeremyShipman is working on a similar project, with the same supervisors.

My Diary

To Do

  • Human ethics approval
    • Re-draft application form for human ethics
    • Re-draft questionnaire for Human Ethics approval
    • Re-draft consent forms for Human Ethics approval
  • Continue mocking up in Blender
  • Write up an experiment for evaluating visualisation


This paper talks about automating the visualization process, the complications faced, the process itself etc. It provides references to new visualization techniques as well as visualization systems. It then goes on to present the Telescope framework which is a visualization system that automatically manages abstraction levels. The paper also talks about CityVis which is a visualization system for city data that was developed using Telescope.

@ARTICLE{626487, title={Automatic abstraction management in information visualization systems}, author={Campo, M. and Orosco, R. and Teyseyre, A.}, journal={Information Visualization, 1997. Proceedings., 1997 IEEE Conference on}, year={27-29 Aug 1997}, volume={}, number={}, pages={50-56}, keywords={data visualisation, information systems, object-oriented databasesCityVis, Telescope, abstraction scales, abstractor objects, automatic abstraction management, city data, complex data, customizable infrastructure, information visualization systems, object-oriented architecture, reusable support, semantic zoom capabilities, software architectures}, doi={10.1109/IV.1997.626487}, ISSN={}, }

This article briefly talks about the MS-Taxonomy, MS-Process and MS-Guidelines which all supports designing of an information visualisation. However, the MS-Taxonomy focuses more on multi-sensory designs rather than just visualisations. The MS-Process is a process that can be followed to develop an information visualisation and the MS-Guidelines provide guidelines for visual display design.

@inproceedings{1082332, author = {Keith V. Nesbitt}, title = {Using guidelines to assist in the visualisation design process}, booktitle = {APVis '05: proceedings of the 2005 Asia-Pacific symposium on Information visualisation}, year = {2005}, isbn = {1-920-68227-9}, pages = {115--123}, location = {Sydney, Australia}, publisher = {Australian Computer Society, Inc.}, address = {Darlinghurst, Australia, Australia}, }

This article presents a technique for visualisations called Fisheye Views. Fisheye views display data which are closer or of more importance in greater detail than data that is of less importance or further away. The article then goes on to formalise Fisheye views as well as provide examples.

@article{22342, author = {G. W. Furnas}, title = {Generalized fisheye views}, journal = {SIGCHI Bull.}, volume = {17}, number = {4}, year = {1986}, issn = {0736-6906}, pages = {16--23}, doi = {}, publisher = {ACM}, address = {New York, NY, USA}, }

This article gives background information about information visualisation and the challenges that will be faced in the future.

@article{1080382, author = {Helwig Hauser}, title = {Toward new grounds in visualization}, journal = {SIGGRAPH Comput. Graph.}, volume = {39}, number = {2}, year = {2005}, issn = {0097-8930}, pages = {5--8}, doi = {}, publisher = {ACM}, address = {New York, NY, USA}, }

An article about a project that re-created an ancient history city as a virtual 3D visualisation. It talks about the complications that were faced as well as technologies used and the reasoning behind the project.

@inproceedings{1229419, author = {Marcio Cabral and Marcelo Zuffo and Silvia Ghirotti and Olavo Belloc and Leonardo Nomura and Mario Nagamura and Fernanda Andrade and Regis Faria and Leandro Ferraz}, title = {An experience using X3D for virtual cultural heritage}, booktitle = {Web3D '07: Proceedings of the twelfth international conference on 3D web technology}, year = {2007}, isbn = {978-1-59593-652-3}, pages = {161--164}, location = {Perugia, Italy}, doi = {}, publisher = {ACM}, address = {New York, NY, USA}, }

This paper provides detailed guidance to evaluating visualisations using focus groups. It talks about the advantages and limitations of focus groups as well as the way to go about planning and designing a way to evaluate a visualisation.

@ARTICLE{4271964, title={Focus Group Methodology for Evaluating Information Visualization Techniques and Tools}, author={Mazza, Riccardo and Berre, Alessandra}, journal={Information Visualization, 2007. IV '07. 11th International Conference}, year={4-6 July 2007}, volume={}, number={}, pages={74-80}, doi={10.1109/IV.2007.51}, ISSN={1550-6037}, }

This article discusses how a 3D city model visualisation system was designed. It talks about how the system decides which data needs to be rendered and which needs to be culled as well as terrain and texture level of detail and the database behind the system.

@ARTICLE{4241383, title={An Efficient Platform for 3D City Model Visualization}, author={Huang, X. and Kwoh, L. and Yuan, B. and Tan, Y.}, journal={Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2006. IGARSS 2006. IEEE International Conference on}, year={July 31 2006-Aug. 4 2006}, volume={}, number={}, pages={917-920}, doi={10.1109/IGARSS.2006.236}, ISSN={}, }

This paper talks about different existing standards for 3D City Models including Level of Detail (LoD) and Virtual Reality Modelling Language (VRML).

@ARTICLE{1509073, title={Appraisal of standards for 3D city models}, author={Ewald, K. and Coors, V.}, journal={Information Visualisation, 2005. Proceedings. Ninth International Conference on}, year={6-8 July 2005}, volume={}, number={}, pages={ 157-162}, keywords={ solid modelling, town and country planning, virtual reality 3D city model, INTERREG IIIB Project, VEPS, data standard, planning process, virtual environment planning system}, doi={10.1109/IV.2005.21}, ISSN={1550-6037 }, }

This article discussed the fact that hardly any visualisation technique provides evaluation of the technique. It discusses why this may be the case as well as how to go about evaluating visualisations.

@inproceedings{1168152, author = {Geoffrey Ellis and Alan Dix}, title = {An explorative analysis of user evaluation studies in information visualisation}, booktitle = {BELIV '06: Proceedings of the 2006 AVI workshop on BEyond time and errors}, year = {2006}, isbn = {1-59593-562-2}, pages = {1--7}, location = {Venice, Italy}, doi = {}, publisher = {ACM}, address = {New York, NY, USA}, }

This paper discusses the importance of settings when evaluating information visualisations. It talks about how evaluation of two mapping visualisation techniques were executed in different settings to indicate that physical settings may impact results.

@inproceedings{1240640, author = {Derek F. Reilly and Kori M. Inkpen}, title = {White rooms and morphing don't mix: setting and the evaluation of visualization techniques}, booktitle = {CHI '07: Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems}, year = {2007}, isbn = {978-1-59593-593-9}, pages = {111--120}, location = {San Jose, California, USA}, doi = {}, publisher = {ACM}, address = {New York, NY, USA}, }

This paper talks about how they went about evaluating Grav++ and the different methods they used, including focus groups.

@inproceedings{1168156, author = {Markus Rester and Margit Pohl}, title = {Methods for the evaluation of an interactive InfoVis tool supporting exploratory reasoning processes}, booktitle = {BELIV '06: Proceedings of the 2006 AVI workshop on BEyond time and errors}, year = {2006}, isbn = {1-59593-562-2}, pages = {1--6}, location = {Venice, Italy}, doi = {}, publisher = {ACM}, address = {New York, NY, USA}, }

This article talks about how evaluation techniques may have weaknesses that result in inaccurate evaluation results. E.g. Testing the wrong users. It then goes onto present three different evaluation methods, which formative testing sounds most appropriate for my project.

@inproceedings{1168151, author = {Keith Andrews}, title = {Evaluating information visualisations}, booktitle = {BELIV '06: Proceedings of the 2006 AVI workshop on BEyond time and errors}, year = {2006}, isbn = {1-59593-562-2}, pages = {1--5}, location = {Venice, Italy}, doi = {}, publisher = {ACM}, address = {New York, NY, USA}, }

This paper talks about the evaluation of two different visualisation techniques. The evaluation was done with 5 subjects with ages ranging from 23 %u2013 28 years and they were ovserved as they answered 4 %u2013 5 questions on the visualisations.

@inproceedings{1111363, author = {Raquel M. Pillat and Eliane R. A. Valiati and Carla M. D. S. Freitas}, title = {Experimental study on evaluation of multidimensional information visualization techniques}, booktitle = {CLIHC '05: Proceedings of the 2005 Latin American conference on Human-computer interaction}, year = {2005}, isbn = {1-59593-224-0}, pages = {20--30}, location = {Cuernavaca, Mexico}, doi = {}, publisher = {ACM}, address = {New York, NY, USA}, }

This paper discusses metrics that have been proposed to determine whether or not a visualisation will be helpful or harmful in understanding the data that is visualised. However, focuses more on 2D graphs.

@ARTICLE{636794, title={Metrics for effective information visualization}, author={Brath, R.}, journal={Information Visualization, 1997. Proceedings., IEEE Symposium on}, year={20-21 Oct 1997}, volume={}, number={}, pages={108-111, 126}, keywords={data visualisation, software metrics3D information visualization, cognitive overhead, data density, data points, design, dimensions, identifiable points, information visualization metrics, occlusion, reference context}, doi={10.1109/INFVIS.1997.636794}, ISSN={}, }

This article is an example on how visualisations can be used to help students understand difficult concepts easier.

@inproceedings{286784, author = {Brian J. Foley}, title = {Designing visualization tools for learning}, booktitle = {CHI '98: CHI 98 conference summary on Human factors in computing systems}, year = {1998}, isbn = {1-58113-028-7}, pages = {309--310}, location = {Los Angeles, California, United States}, doi = {}, publisher = {ACM}, address = {New York, NY, USA}, }